There are many “code words” or “indicators” that have special meaning in the cryptic context of crossword puzzles. (In the example above, “about,” “unfinished” and “ascendant” all fall into this category). Learning or recognizing them is a useful and necessary part to become a skilled cryptic crossword decryptor. In most parts, cryptic crossword puzzles are an English-speaking phenomenon, although similar Hebrew-shaped puzzles are popular in Israel (where they are called in tashbetsey higayon (11) Dutch and (Cryptogram). In Poland, similar crossword puzzles are called Hetman crossword puzzles. “Hetman,” commander-in-chief and also the name of a chess queen, emphasizes its importance over other crossword puzzles. In Finnish, this kind of crossword puzzle is called piilosana (literally “hidden word”), while crypto refers to a crossword in which the letters were coded into numbers. TIME magazine has thought weekly of a cryptic crossword called Around the Corner, and SZ magazine shows the cross with the words. In Britain, it is traditionally – dated to the cryptic crossword pioneer Edward (Bill) Powys Mathers (1892-1939) which, according to the Spanish inquisitator, was called torquemada – for the compiler to use evocative pseudonyms. “Crispa,” named after the Latin for curly-headed, which used crossword puzzles for the Guardian from 1954 to his retirement in 2004, legally changed his surname after divorce in the 1970s to “Crisp.” Some pseudonyms have obvious connotations: for example Torquemada, as already described, or “Mephisto” with devilish nuances quite obvious. Others are chosen for logical but less obvious reasons, although “Dinmutz” (the late Bert Danher in the Financial Times) was produced by random selection of Scrabble tiles. Ximenean`s rules are very precise in terms of grammar and syntax, especially with regard to the indicators used for different wordplay methods. Libertarian setters can use devices that convey “more or less” the message.
For example, if the BEER response of the Setters may decide to divide the word into BEE and R and, after finding appropriate ways to define the answer and BEE, now tries the Solver a reference to the letter R. Ximenean rules would not allow something like “to reach first” suggests that R is the first letter of “Reach” , because, grammatical, this is not what “Reach first” implies. Instead, a “first to reach” phrase would be needed, as this is consistent with the rules of grammar. However, many libertarian crossword writers would accept “Reach First,” believing that it would be reasonable to convey the idea in a reasonable way. For example, a mention for Ximenean`s rules for BEER (BEE-R) may look like this: cryptic crosswords come in two main types: the cryptic basis in which each warning response is entered into the diagram, and “themes” or kryptic “diversity,” in which some or all responses must be modified before entry, usually in accordance with a hidden pattern or as a rule that needs to be discovered. Variety (UK: “advanced”) Cryptic crossword puzzles generally use a “bard grid” without black squares and a slightly smaller size; 12×12 is typical. Word boundaries are called thick lines called “bars.” In these variety puzzles, one or more clues may require a change to fit the grid, z.B. erasing or adding a letter or anagram to match other unchanged indications; The imperishable spaces can express a secret message that suits the puzzle theme once the puzzle is completely solved. The solver may also be required to determine where the answers can fit into the grid.